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Becoming White Clay: A History and Archaeology of Jicarilla by B. Sunday Eiselt

By B. Sunday Eiselt

The tale of 1 of the longest-lived and so much winning nomadic enclaves in North the USA offers an extraordinary glimpse into the cloth expressions of Apache self-determination and survival. for almost two hundred years the Jicarilla Apache of latest Mexico thrived within the interstices of Pueblo and Spanish settlements following their expulsion from the Plains. serious to their luck was once their skill to increase key elements of Plains-Pueblo alternate to Indian and mixed-blood groups at the fringes of colonial rule. greater than different nomadic tribes, the Jicarilla performed an immense function in conserving jointly the social textile of latest Mexican villages after the autumn of the Spanish Empire.

This entire research by way of Sunday Eiselt starts with the nice Athapaskan migration out of Canada in the course of prehis-toric occasions and ends with the pressured cost of the Jicarilla at the Dulce reservation within the Eighties. Eiselt combines archaeological and ethno­historical information in an exam of Jicarilla recommendations for self-preservation. She finds the ideological and political imperatives of “­belonging” that formed their interactions with neighborhood groups and the kingdom and that enabled them to prevent reservation lifestyles good into the Eighties. all through their lengthy background, Jicarilla id remained intact, special, and discernable whilst existence at the reservation disrupted the intimate connections that when existed with their Hispanic and Pueblo neighbors.
 

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Extra resources for Becoming White Clay: A History and Archaeology of Jicarilla Apache Enclavement

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Obligations between siblings of opposite sex provide the building blocks for mutual assistance between groups. Depending on external circumstances, these kinship rules quickly accommodate the development of ceremonial moiety or clan divisions that help to organize confederacies and facilitate mergers between bands. Ives characterizes this as the “local group alliance” pattern. The general economic configuration that results includes enhanced borrowing and cooperation with outside groups and more frequent and consistent episodes of communal hunting through cooperation between interrelated local groups or confederacies.

The Pacific Coast Athapaskans range from Oregon through northern California. 1). The Athapaskan languages are notable for their large and unusual sound inventories, their complex verb structures, and their inwardly focused and intensively recycled lexicon that is highly resistant to borrowing and very difficult to learn (Ives and Rice 2006; Ives et al. 2010; Rice 2008). Athapaskan is also famous for its extensive place-name inventories and its dense cognitive mapping and orientation systems that are deeply embedded in the lexicon.

These systems have two significant features: the division of the social universe into two categories of cross- and parallel cousins (the former of which are always in-laws and the latter of which are blood relatives) and persistent bilateral cross-cousin marriage (Trautmann 1981). , mother’s brother’s daughter or father’s sister’s son). In general, Dravidian kinship ideologies prescribe symmetrical marriage alliances (the exchange of marriage partners of both sexes between two groups) and privilege the marriage of cross-cousins.

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