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Approaches to the Safety of Future Nuclear Powerplants (IAEA

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Progresses in technology and industrial organization (standardization for example). Thus the safety level of older plants is very close to that of the most recent ones. An important precondition for future plants at the start of the basic design phase of the EPR was the harmonization of safety requirements in those areas where the requirements would drive the design. It was important to achieve harmonization without systematically enveloping existing requirements. This made the early involvement of French and German safety authorities and their advisory bodies and experts necessary; they have published two major documents: "Common safety approach for future, pressurized reactors" and "Recommendations concerning the common French-German safety approach for future PWRs".

3. Industry and/or regulatory standards: For the moment, no major codes or guidelines are in effect. The following summarize our general view regarding requirements for future NPPs: In the future that is the next 50 years, the system will be dominated by the present proven systems, notably LWRs, and to a lesser extent PHWRs, with some evolutionary improvements in technology and safety of the systems. The requirements for the next NPPs that will be stressed are the enhancement of safety, environmental quality, technical performance, and economic viability.

5] INSTITUT DE PROTECTION ET DE SURETE NUCLEAIRE (France)/ GESELLSCHAFT FUER ANLAGEN- UNO REAKTORSICHERHEIT (GRS) mbH (Germany), GPR/RSK Proposal for a Common Safety Approach for Future Pressurized Water Reactors (1993). [6] FEDERAL NUCLEAR AND RADIATION SAFETY AUTHORITY OF RUSSIA, Regulation, Nuclear Power Plant Siting, PNAE G-03-33-93, Moscow (1993). [7] UNITED STATES NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION, Title 10, Chapter 1, Code of Federal Regulations Energy, Part 52 — Early Site Permits, Standard Design Certification and Combined Licenses for Nuclear Power Reactors (1989).

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