By József Szabó (auth.), József Szabó, Lóránt Dávid, Dénes Lóczy (eds.)
Today, human impression at the atmosphere, and particularly at the Earth’s floor, is clear. We more and more face the results of our interventions, and we needs to pay extra consciousness to the broader affects of our actions, which come with every thing from the extraction of fossil fuels to the impression of tourism. Anthropogenic geomorphology, because the examine of how guy impacts his actual setting, has accordingly constructed swiftly as a self-discipline in contemporary decades.
This quantity presents assistance to scholars discussing the elemental themes of anthropogenic geomorphology. The chapters hide either its method, and its connections with different sciences, in addition to the best way the topic can give a contribution to dealing with useful difficulties. The ebook represents all fields of geomorphology, giving an creation to the variety of the self-discipline via examples taken from quite a number contexts and classes, and concentrating on examples from Europe.
It is not any twist of fate that anthropogenic geomorphology has been gaining flooring inside geomorphology itself. Its effects strengthen not just the theoretical improvement of the technological know-how yet will be utilized on to social and fiscal matters. around the world, anthropogenic geomorphology is an critical and increasing a part of the Earth sciences curricula in greater schooling, making this quantity well timed and relevant.
Key issues: Anthropogenic Geomorphology - Dynamic equilibrium – Environmentalism - Geomorphic approaches - Human effect - Man-made landforms
József Szabó is Professor Emeritus on the division of actual Geography and Geoinformatics, college of Debrecen. he's President of the Hungarian Geographical Society, a Corresponding Member of the CERG (Strasbourg) and a Member of the foreign Landslide learn staff (Palo Alto, California). His examine fields are mass events and different geomorphological methods, land review, anthropogenic geomorphology, geomorphological risks, and background of actual geography.
Lóránt Dávid is a faculty professor and Head of the dep. of Tourism and nearby improvement at Károly Róbert university, Gyöngyös. He has longstanding educating and examine event within the fields of anthropogenic geomorphology, environmental security, tourism, and nearby improvement, and has labored as knowledgeable in a few govt programs.
Dénes Lóczy is an affiliate professor, Director of the Institute of Environmental Sciences on the collage of Pécs. From 2001 to 2005 he used to be Secretary of the overseas organization of Geomorphologists (IAG/AIG). He has confirmed and chairs a operating staff on Human impression at the panorama (HILS). His examine pursuits are land overview, land use stories, floodplain geomorphology, and panorama rehabilitation.
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Additional info for Anthropogenic Geomorphology: A Guide to Man-made Landforms
The filling and the depletion of reservoirs as well as mining activities can equally induce earthquakes (see Case study 2) (Hudyma 2004). Some of the naturally triggered earthquakes involved huge damage because of human factors. 1 Classification of geomorphological hazards (modified from Embleton et al. 1989) Main group of process Natural hazards Seismic Volcanic Glacial Potentially damaging process Rapid/ catastrophic? Avoidable? Predictable? Earthquake, landslide, vertical dislocations Eruption, lava flow, lahar, mudflow, ashfall, damming water-courses, volcanic jökulhlaup Ice advance, glacier collapse, lake impoundment, jökulhlaup, icy flood Yes No No or hardly Yes No Hardly Partly Hardly Well or moderately (Occasionally) Man-induced Gravitational Mass movements (fall, creep, slide, flow) Subsidence Sagging, collapse Fluvial Flood, riverbank and soil erosion Nival Avalanche Coastal Aeolian Generally yes To some extent Well or moderately Rarely To a small extent Well Generally yes Well or Well or moderately moderately Yes Moderately Well or moderately No Well or Well moderately Coastal erosion, sedimentation, saltwater intrusion Deflation, dune No mobility, burial under sand and dust Hardly or moderately Well to the Bay, in areas reclaimed from the sea.
E. the transfer of water from the ‘useless’ northward flowing rivers of Siberia to the drought-stricken lands of Central Asia – Kelly et al. 1983). It is less widely known but similar rainbows were also chased in the United States of America, suffice it to mention an engineering geomorphological publication of the US Geological Survey entitled ‘Nature to be Commanded’ (Robinson and Spieker 1978). (It is only fair to note, however, that the full citation from Francis Bacon reads as ‘Nature to be commanded must be obeyed’).
In its simplest form, it means that phenomena and processes are studied embedded in their environmental systems. Recently the denomination P. hu J. Szabó et al. V. 2010 39 40 P. Csorba “landscape research of ecological approach” is used for this field of research. It is not much modified by the fact that the term “landscape ecology (or geoecology)” has become widespread in the international usage (Leser 1991; Huggett 1995). Among the fundamental characteristics of landscape ecology, a practical approach should also be accentuated (Helming and Wiggering 2003; Wiens and Moss 2005).