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Alcohol and Drug Problems in Women by Oriana Josseau Kalant (auth.), Oriana Josseau Kalant (eds.)

By Oriana Josseau Kalant (auth.), Oriana Josseau Kalant (eds.)

Over the decade the area has skilled a transforming into curiosity in difficulties linked to the nonmedical use of gear. This curiosity has corresponded to a true development within the volume, variety, and social impression of using alcohol and medicine in lots of societies. for this reason, the quantity of study and writing almost about drug difficulties has significantly elevated, and it has turn into very tricky for one person to maintain with the entire proper literature. there's hence an acute want within the box for severe reports that determine present advancements, and the current sequence is meant to fill this want. The sequence isn't to be an "annual evaluation" within the traditional feel. the purpose isn't really to hide all of the paintings mentioned in the course of the previous 12 months on the subject of a set choice of themes. fairly, it's to give every year evaluative papers on issues during which adequate fresh development has been made to change the final scope in a selected quarter. due to the multidisciplinary nature of difficulties of drug use and dependence, the papers released in each one quantity might be drawn from a number of disciplines. despite the fact that, a few volumes should be dedicated to one partic­ ular challenge, with person stories and papers analyzing a variety of points of it. The composition of the editorial board and the overseas advisory board displays those targets. The editors are individuals of the senior clinical employees of the habit study starting place of Ontario.

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The latter alone do not increase this risk. This finding illustrates the now well-recognized fact that some factor in cigarette smoke in combination with progesterone acts synergistically to cause cardiovascular pathology. Cigarette smoking is also implicated in the etiology of respiratory diseases such as chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and lung cancer. Here again, as Gritz points out, the prevalence of these conditions is higher in men than in women, but when rates of smoking in both sexes are taken into account, the sex difference diminishes significantly.

This question, also raised by Annis and Liban in Chapter 11, will be discussed further below. 5. MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY It is a fact that women outlive men. But whether this sex difference is congenitally or environmentally determined is not yet known. It is also a fact that the heavy use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs increases morbidity and mortality in both men and women. As Schmidt and Popham suggest in Chapter 10, a study of this fact may help to elucidate the comparative roles of biological and environmental factors SEX DIFFERENCES IN ALCOHOL AND DRUG PROBLEMS 15 in the well-known sex difference in longevity.

This family arrangement, as an ideal, was central to temperance thought, and, over the course of the 19th century, the antialcohol crusade was waged, in part, on behalf of that family. The first part of this chapter describes the new drinking patterns and attitudes in 19th-century America and outlines the ideology of the temperance movement. The second part discusses the major ways women were portrayed in temperance literature-primarily as victims and as moral agents. The third part traces women's participation in the temperance movement during the century and examines the attempt by some women to forge a distinctly women's position on the liquor question.

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