By Kenneth E. Wilkening
Acid Rain technological know-how and Politics in Japan is a pioneering paintings in environmental and Asian background in addition to an in-depth research of the effect of technological know-how on household and overseas environmental politics. Kenneth Wilkening's research additionally illuminates the worldwide fight to create sustainable societies.The Meiji recovery of 1868 ended Japan's period of isolation- created self-sufficiency and sustainability. the hole of the rustic to Western principles and expertise not just introduced toxins difficulties linked to industrialization (including acid rain) but in addition clinical thoughts for realizing and struggling with them. Wilkening identifies 3 pollution-related "sustainability crises" in glossy eastern heritage: copper mining within the overdue 19th and early 20th centuries, which spurred Japan's first acid rain study and coverage projects; horrendous post-World conflict II family business toxins, which led to a "hidden" acid rain challenge; and the present-day worldwide challenge of transboundary pollutants, in which Japan is a sufferer of imported acid rain. He strains the country's medical and coverage responses to those crises via six detailed sessions with regards to acid rain difficulties and argues that Japan's management position in East Asian acid rain technological know-how and coverage this present day could be defined largely by means of the "historical clinical momentum" generated through efforts to confront the problem considering the fact that 1868, bolstered by means of Japan's cultural affinity with rain (its "culture of rain"). Wilkening offers an summary of nature, tradition, and the acid rain challenge in Japan to supplement the final set of options he develops to investigate the interface of technology and politics in environmental policymaking. He concludes with a dialogue of classes from Japan's adventure that may be utilized to the production of sustainable societies around the globe.
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Extra resources for Acid Rain Science and Politics in Japan: A History of Knowledge and Action toward Sustainability (Politics, Science, and the Environment)
We can distinguish between ecological and social sustainability. Ecological sustainability (ecosystem well-being) is “the existence of the ecological conditions necessary to support human life at a speciﬁed level of well-being through future generations” (Lélé 1991, 609). There is no clear deﬁnition of social sustainability (human well-being). However, it loosely refers to providing basic needs for food, water, clothing, shelter, health care, and education; to offering opportunity to attain a satisfying quality of life; to maintaining the viability of cultures and local communities; and to supporting social, economic, and political infrastructure for delivering goods and services (Lélé 1991, 615).
8 In addition, several new concepts are deﬁned that enhance our ability to analyze the science-policy interface. ”9 It is attention to what is important to a group; it is adjustment to the fact of limits to natural and social resources, implying that everything that is construed as important to a group cannot be realized, and as such, matters of importance must be prioritized; and it is outcomes where in the end some people get more and some get less of important social commodities (wealth, security, happiness, and so on).
To the east lies the vast Paciﬁc, to the north the Sea of Okhotsk, to the west the Sea of Japan, and to the south the East China Sea. The latter three seas separate Japan from mainland Asia. These seas not only provide moisture for Japan’s abundant precipitation, but also impart to the moisture a chemical composition that is quite unlike that generally found in Europe and North America. The contribution of seasalt sulfate and chloride ions, for instance, is much higher in Japanese precipitation than the precipitation of acid deposition-affected areas in the West.