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A Projectile Point Guide for the Upper Mississippi River by Robert F. Boszhardt

By Robert F. Boszhardt

To be had December 2003 the most typical relics of the 12,000-year occupancy of the higher Mississippi River Valley could be the chipped stone projectile issues that local american citizens mounted to the ends in their spears, darts, and arrow shafts. this helpful advisor offers a key to deciding upon many of the types of issues chanced on alongside the higher Mississippi River within the Driftless area stretching approximately from Dubuque, Iowa, to crimson Wing, Minnesota, yet framed inside a a little bit better zone extending from the Rock Island Rapids on the glossy Moline-Rock Island sector to the Falls of St. Anthony at Minneapolis-St. Paul. Logging tens of millions of miles and vacationing inner most creditors from all walks of lifestyles when you consider that 1982, Robert Boszhardt has documented hundreds of thousands of projectile issues present in this quarter. as well as drawings of every sort, he offers different authorized names in addition to names of comparable issues, age, distribution, an outline (including size and width), fabric, and references for every sort. The consultant is intended for the various avocational archaeologists who gather projectile issues within the higher Midwest and should be an invaluable reference software for pro box archaeologists besides. Emphasizing the renovation of web sites in addition to a mutual trade of knowledge among specialist and avocational archaeologists, this consultant will exhibit projectile issues as clues to the prior, time markers which include an important information regarding the cultures of the Mississippi River Valley's early population.

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Additional resources for A Projectile Point Guide for the Upper Mississippi River Valley (Bur Oak Guide)

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Age: Hell Gap points are most common on the Plains but may extend to the Upper Mississippi Valley. One Hell Gap point made of Hixton silicified sandstone is reported from the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. distribution: description: These are finely made, medium-size lanceolate spear-knife points. Hell Gap points expand from the base and constrict toward the tip. The base is normally straight. Grinding of lateral and basal edges is common. Some points that are classified as Hell Gap in the Upper Mississippi Valley may be reworked and expended Agate Basin points.

Hell Gap points are stratigraphically above Folsom points at the Hell Gap site, and Hell Gap associated bone beds are stratigraphically above Folsom and Agate Basin components at the Agate Basin site. age: Hell Gap points are most common on the Plains but may extend to the Upper Mississippi Valley. One Hell Gap point made of Hixton silicified sandstone is reported from the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. distribution: description: These are finely made, medium-size lanceolate spear-knife points. Hell Gap points expand from the base and constrict toward the tip.

Age: distribution: This type is widespread on the Plains, extending east as far as Ohio and Lake Michigan, and is found on both sides of the upper Mississippi River. East of the Mississippi River, this type is most concentrated in western Illinois and southern Wisconsin. description: Medium to large in size, Agate Basin lanceolates were used as spear tips and knives. They are widest at their midsection with convex edges that narrow to the base. Their blades are often carefully flaked in a collateral pattern where the horizontal flake scars meet at a central ridge.

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