By Nick Ritchie
President Obama and the united kingdom Labour and Coalition governments have all sponsored the renewed momentum for severe development in the direction of an international freed from nuclear guns, while the united kingdom unearths itself launched into a debatable and dear programme to resume its Trident nuclear guns process. What does the united kingdom procedure inform in regards to the customers for disarmament?
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Extra info for A Nuclear Weapons-Free World?: Britain, Trident and the Challenges Ahead
During the first of the leaders’ debates Liberal Democrat leader Nick Clegg repeatedly asked how Gordon Brown or David Cameron ‘could justify or afford £100bn over 25 years on a nuclear missile system, which was designed specifically to flatten St Petersburg or Moscow’, and said ‘the world has moved on and I think you two need to move with it’. Conservative Party leader David Cameron replied ‘are we really happy to say that we’d give up our independent nuclear deterrent when we don’t know what is going to happen with Iran, we can’t be certain of the future in China, we don’t know exactly what our world will look like?
SDI was part of the solution, not the problem, for Reagan. Gorbachev had already made major concessions and could not accept this logic. He viewed the SDI system as leading to the weaponisation of space by the US and irrevocably undermining Soviet security and ‘strategic stability’. He insisted that any work on SDI be bound by the constraints of the US-Soviet 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty that limited ABM systems designed to shoot down an enemy’s incoming strategic missiles to 100 fixed interceptors at a single site and prohibited development, testing, or deployment of sea-based, air-based, space-based, or mobile land-based ABM systems and their components.
The answer for a number of Cold War nuclear deterrence advocates is ‘no’: maintaining a sufficient level of control is looking increasingly problematic; possession of nuclear weapons is unlikely to provide an adequate response to the breakdown of nuclear order; and as nuclear weapon programmes and sources of weapon-usable fissile material proliferate, nuclear weapons will eventually be used to the enormous detriment of global society and stability. The solution, then, is one rooted in global collective security; a common security solution to a common threat of nuclear conflict: global nuclear disarmament.