A New Deal for Southeastern Archaeology by Edwin A. Lyon

By Edwin A. Lyon

Recipient of the 1994 Anne B. and James B. McMillan Prize

This finished research presents a heritage of recent Deal archaeology within the Southeast within the Thirties and early Forties and makes a speciality of the initiatives of the Federal Emergency aid management, the Civil Works management, the Works development management, the Tennessee Valley Authority, the nationwide Park provider, and the Smithsonian Institution.

using fundamental assets together with correspondence and unpublished experiences, Lyon demonstrates the nice significance of the hot Deal initiatives within the background of southeastern and North American archaeology. New Deal archaeology reworked the perform of archaeology within the Southeast and created the root for the self-discipline that exists this day. With the present emphasis on curation and repatriation, archaeologists and historians will locate this quantity valuable in reconstructing the historical past of the tasks that generated the numerous collections that now fill our museums.

 

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Additional resources for A New Deal for Southeastern Archaeology

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He did some salvage archaeology at a site being destroyed by construction of a fish hatchery. Beginning in August 1931 Walker focused his attention on the Troyville Mounds in Catahoula Parish. He briefly investigated the site in November 1931 until heavy rains ended work. For two months during the fall of 1932 Walker excavated what remained of the Troyville site after destruction of the largest mound. This site illustrates the fate of many important archaeological sites in the South. " 40 While northern museums were the primary supporters of southeastern archaeology, an amateur could still make an important contribution.

In 1921 the Division of Anthropology and Psychology created a subdivision to concentrate on archaeology, the Committee on State Archaeological Surveys. Roland B. Dixon was the first chairman of the committee, followed by Clark Wissler in July 1921,Alfred V. Kidder in 1924, and Carl Guthe in 1927. The committee members realized that although much of the archaeology in the Mississippi Valley was done by state organizations, archaeological problems did not fit neatly within state boundaries. The committee recommended using uniform methods and records in regions with similar archaeological remains.

The Smithsonian's first priority was to contribute to knowledge of the prehistory of the area; the second was proper protection of the artifacts recovered and obtaining at least a type collection for the Smithsonian. The society, on the other hand, intended to use the Macon CWA project to establish a state museum at Macon. Stirling instructed Kelly to consult with Dr. Harrold, president of the society, and to cooperate with the society, but he stressed that Kelly would be in full charge of the project.

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