By Lester L. Grabbe
Within the first of 4 volumes on A historical past of the Jews and Judaism within the moment Temple interval, Lester Grabbe offers a accomplished background of Judah (Aramaic Yehud) in the course of the Persian interval. among the the most important questions he addresses are: What are the resources for this era and the way can we review them? and the way can we lead them to “speak” to us in the course of the fog of centuries? Grabbe argues that there's a chance of seeing every little thing from a Judaeo-centric standpoint, or utilizing the biblical texts and out-of-date secondary fabric to supply the most point of view in figuring out background, while any student writing approximately this era will be accustomed to the classical historians and the close to japanese resources to boot. This examine brings jointly and analyzes the unique assets, sifts and evaluates the secondary assets, develops a considerable old synthesis, and issues to components the place extra study is required. Yehud: A heritage of the Persian Province of Judah bargains the freshest and accomplished exam of the political and administrative constructions; the society and financial system; the faith, temple and cult; the advancements in concept and literature; and the main political occasions.
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Extra info for A History of the Jews and Judaism in the Second Temple Period: Yehud, the Persian Province of Judah (Library Of Second Temple Studies)
Reich (1992) has argued that the citadel, normally dated to the third century (NEAEHL, I: 261), was the residence of the provincial governor in the Persian period, but this identification has been opposed by Carter (1999: 154-55). Unless Reich's interpretation turns out to be correct, the settlement at this site during the Persian period was likely to have been only a village at most. The whole region seems to have shrunk in population after the end of Iron II. 9. '; NEAEHL, II: 399-409; OEANE, II: 222-23.
Kenyon in 1952-58. A number of finds suggest that the site was occupied during Persian times (pace OEANE, III: 224). These include some Attic pottery dated to the fifth-fourth centuries and a number ofyh andyh(w)d seals. The dating of a seal with the inscription 'wryw/yhwd ('Uriyau/Yehud') is disputed, though the present consensus is that it is from the Persian period. Another which may be aphw' ('governor') seal has the inscription lyhw 'zr ('to Yeho'ezer'). One way of explaining the data is that the whole eastern sector of Judah came to an end at the end of the Iron age, either through direct destruction or rapid decline after the more central support was destroyed by the Babylonians (Lipschits 2003: 339-40).
Van Seters Abraham in History and Tradition (1975) marked the first major criticisms of what had been for many a consensus (at least among American scholars) about the historicity of the biblical text. Over the next fifteen to twenty years there were major changes in how the historicity of ancient Israel and Judah was approached. It involved a variety of new directions, many due to the introduction of new methods of studying the text: application of the social sciences, feminist critique, postmodernism, ideology criticism.