By Adriaen van der Donck
This version of an outline of latest Netherland presents the 1st entire and actual English-language translation of an important first-hand account of the lives and global of Dutch colonists and northeastern local groups within the 17th century. Adriaen van der Donck, a graduate of Leiden collage within the 1640s, turned the legislation enforcement officer for the Dutch patroonship of Rensselaerswijck, positioned alongside the higher Hudson River. His place enabled him to engage broadly with Dutch colonists and the neighborhood Algonquians and Iroquoians. An astute observer, certain recorder, and available author, Van der Donck was once preferably positioned to put in writing approximately his reports and the traditional and cultural worlds round him.Van der Donck’s Beschryvinge van Nieuw-Nederlant used to be first released in 1655 after which accelerated in 1656. An misguided and abbreviated English translation seemed in 1841 and used to be reprinted in 1968. This new quantity gains a correct, polished translation by way of Diederik Willem Goedhuys and comprises the entire fabric from the unique 1655 and 1656 variants. the result's an fundamental first-hand account with enduring price to historians, ethnohistorians, and anthropologists. (20090130)
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Extra info for A Description of New Netherland (The Iroquoians and Their World)
Some hills are of pure clay and others of earth and stones, and a few, mostly in the highlands, consist of nothing but rocks in various colors and shapes, yet are covered with trees growing everywhere in clefts and crevices. Amid the mountains and hills throughout the country, and by the rivers and shores, lie great and wide plains measuring hundreds, even thousands of morgens, which are very suitable for establishing villages, settlements, farms, and plantations. 21 There are also wetlands and marshes — salt, fresh, or brackish — some so big that one cannot see across them.
I have also observed that they are less cared for and cultivated and yet grow equally well. Pumpkins grow with little or no cultivating. They are so sweet and dry that for the purpose of preparing them water | The Country and vinegar are added before stewing them in the same way as apples. While here they are regarded as an insipid, poor, and despised food, over there they turn out so well that our people relish them. I have been told that when properly prepared, as apples are here, they are not inferior to apples or diﬀer only slightly, and when baked in an oven they are considered even better than apples.
40 Still, one can see that it would have been a success if it had been correctly done. 41 It succeeded and produced a good yield. Samples sent home were found to be good, and better than the ordinary sort. The planting of madder root has never been attempted here, though it could no doubt be done, for the soil in many places is rich and heavy enough. Mr. 42 Of those there are now, praise the Lord, more than enough and reasonably cheap, so that food and drink are beginning to be supplied to other countries in the vicinity, such as Virginia, the West Indies, and the Caribbean Islands.