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A century of dishonor: a sketch of the United States by Helen Hunt Jackson

By Helen Hunt Jackson

First released in 1881 and reprinted in different variants considering, Helen Hunt Jackson’s A Century of Dishonor is a vintage account of the U.S. government’s incorrect Indian coverage and the unfair and harsh remedy afforded North American Indians by way of expansionist american citizens. Jackson wrote the booklet as a polemic to "appeal to the hearts and moral sense of the yankee people," who she was hoping may call for legislative reform from Congress and redeem the country’s identify from the stain of a "century of dishonor." Her efforts, which represent a landmark in Indian reform, helped commence the lengthy technique of public information for Indian rights that keeps to the current day.Beginning with a criminal short at the unique Indian correct of occupancy, A Century of Dishonor keeps with Jackson’s research of the way irresponsibility, dishonesty, and perfidy at the a part of americans and the U.S. executive devastated the Delaware, Cheyenne, Nez Perce, Sioux, Ponca, Winnebago, and Cherokee Indians. Jackson describes the government’s therapy of the Indians as "a shameful checklist of damaged treaties and unfulfilled provides" exacerbated by way of "a sickening list of homicide, outrage, theft, and wrongs" dedicated by means of frontier settlers, with purely an occasional Indian retaliation. Such extraordinary occasions because the flight of leader Joseph of the Nez Perces and the Cherokee path of Tears illustrate Jackson’s arguments.Valerie Sherer Mathes’s foreword lines Jackson’s existence and writings and locations her within the context of reform advocacy in the middle of 19th century expansionism. This unabridged paperback variation comprises an index, and the full appendix, along with Jackson’s correspondence about the Sand Creek bloodbath and her file as designated Comminnioner to enquire the desires of California’s challenge Indians.

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Crook, Dundy declared the Indian legally a "person" with the right to sue for a writ of habeas corpus in federal court. The Ponca were set free. To present the Ponca story to a larger audience, Tibbles organized a six-month lecture tour to Chicago, Boston, New York City, Philadelphia, and Baltimore. The Boston leg of the tour successfully Page x raised thousands of dollars, and prominent citizens such as Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Boston Mayor Frederick O. Prince, Massachusetts Lieutenant-Governor John D.

The pioneer settlers have had too much at stake to excite an Indian massacre, which would overwhelm their loved ones in ruin. The army are not responsible for Indian wars; they are "men under authority," who go where they are sent. The men who represent the honor of the nation have a tradition that lying is a disgrace, and that theft forfeits character. " The Indian Bureau is often unable to fulfil the treaties, because Congress has failed to make the appropriations. If its agents are not men of the highest character, it is largely due to the fact that we send a man to execute this difficult trust at a remote agency, and expect him to support himself and family on $1500 a year.

Francis Paul Prucha, American Indian Policy in Crisis: Christian Reformers and the Indian, 18651900 (Norman: Univ. of Oklahoma Press, 1976), 165. 22. Valerie Sherer Mathes, "The California Mission Indian Commission of 1891," California History (Winter 1993/94): 33959. 23. Jackson to Aldrich, 4 May 1883, Aldrich Papers, Houghton Library, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts. 24. This statement, written to Thomas Niles at Roberts Brothers Publishers, was quoted in "Helen Hunt Jackson's Life and Writings," Literary News (April 1887): 100.

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